Starting from 2 November 2020, there is a new smartphone app available for those sent to quarantine that helps the Police allocate manpower and spare those in quarantine the hassle of police visits to their home.
Note: this article is based on the official decree on the use of the Hungarian quarantine app and on the official website of the app, both available only in Hungarian. Since this is a new regulation and a new application, we do not have first-hand experience with it just yet. Please feel free to share your experience with us under our Facebook post relevant to this topic.
Update: Foreigners trying to use the app reported that the Customer Service informed them that the application in intended only for Hungarian citizens.
The use of the Hungarian quarantine app (or HKR, short for “Házi Karantén Rendszer” in Hungarian) is intended to reduce the work of the Police, who are required to regularly check on people who are sent to quarantine. With the help of the app, you can verify that you are at the location where you are supposed to be, so the Police does not have to visit you.
When using the app, you will be randomly prompted to take a selfie with your phone, for which you have 15 minutes. The app will use not only your camera but also your location ID, this way you can verify that you are at a given place (your home, or the place you have chosen for quarantining) at a given time.
Once a day, you will also be prompted to fill out a questionnaire about your current health. Answering those questions is NOT mandatory. However, the data from the questionnaires is sent to the database of the Healthcare System, so if you develop symptoms, your doctor will be able to check on what happened to you more easily.
The decree about the app states that the use of the app is mandatory if “all conditions for the use of the app are met”. However, no conditions are explicitly listed in the decree itself. Below you may find some considerations that might help you decide if you should install the app.
The FAQ on the official website says that if you do not expect yourself to be able to use the app, you should not install it. Accordingly, if you do not speak Hungarian, you should consider whether you will be able to use the app properly, and if the answer is not, maybe you should not install it. If you have the chance, please discuss this with the officer preparing your quarantine order.
(Mind you, the app itself is not too complicated, so with a basic knowledge of how it should work and a basic Hungarian knowledge you will probably be able to use at least the most important function: answering the prompts by taking a selfie. This way you can still take advantage of this automatized solution instead of expecting police visits every day.)
When you download the app, you will have to register in its database. First, you will have to supply the below data, which will be checked against the database of the Police (where you were registered when the quarantine order was issued).
You will also have to choose a password of your own.
You will also be prompted to take a selfie that the app will use as a reference. When making this first picture, make sure that only you are visible on it.
Once you have submitted these data, the system checks them against the quarantine database of the Police. If you are in their database, you will receive a verification email to complete your registration.
The basis of your HKR account is your phone number. After registration, you will be receiving prompts to verify your location in text messages (in SMS), so each person who registered should be able to receive those text messages on a separate phone number.
E.g. You have a smartphone, and your spouse also has a mobile phone, but it is not a smartphone. You can install the Hungarian quarantine app on the one smartphone, then create multiple HKR accounts on that smartphone, one for you and one for them. When they receive a text message to their own phone with a verification prompt, they can use your smartphone to complete the verification.
You will receive verification prompts during the day – when you could reasonably expect police visits. You will not receive verification prompts during the night. However, nothing more precise than this is indicated on the app website.
After each prompt, you will have 15 minutes to verify that you are there. If you fail to do so, the operator of the app will send a notification to the Hungarian Police (ORFK). What happens then, is determined by applicable law (which is not indicated either on the app website or in the decree).
When you are going to get a PCR test, you need to get an appointment from the testing center, AND notify your local Health Department AND the local Police station that you will not be at home during a given time period. It is not indicated either on the app website or in the decree whether this will stop the HKR sending you verification prompts during that time frame, but that would be logical.
Other than for testing, you are not allowed to leave your home, i.e. the place you have selected for the quarantine.
The Hungarian quarantine app sends data to the Police and to the Healthcare System. The Hungarian Police can retain your data for 60 days after your quarantine ends. The Hungarian Healthcare System, on the other hand, can handle your data for 30 years after you start using the app.
You are allowed to delete the app the day after your quarantine ends.
The Hungarian quarantine app (in Hungarian sometimes referred to as HKR) is supposed to be mandatory for everyone who is officially sent to quarantine and has a compatible smartphone. The system prompts users to take selfies at random times, which will verify that they are at the location they are supposed to be. This spares users the hassle of police visits, while letting the Police allocate their resources more efficiently.
If you have any insight or additional information on the use of the Hungarian quarantine app, feel free to share it with the community under our relevant Facebook post. Helpers has been assisting foreigners immigrating to Hungary for more than 15 years, and it is our pleasure to take every chance to support the expat community in Hungary. Check out our immigration services in case you need any assistance.
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